Digital Learning Resource

The Independent Crusaders Project, by James Doherty

James Doherty

University of Leeds


Independent Crusaders Project

Discussion Questions

  • What kinds of sources have historians used to examine the crusading movement?
  • How would you define a crusader?
  • Judging by some of the sources on this site, what are some of the reasons why people went on crusade?

Teaching Modules

Further Reading

Constable, Giles, ‘The Historiography of the Crusades’, in The Crusades from the Perspective of Byzantium and the Muslim World, ed. by Angeliki E. Laiou and Roy P. Mottahedeh (Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, 2001), pp. 1–22.

Phillips, Jonathan, Defenders of the Holy Land: Relations between the Latin East and the West, 1119–1187 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996).

Throop, Susanna A., ‘Introduction: What Were the Crusades?’, in The Crusades: An Epitome (Leeds: Kismet Press, 2019).

To Cite this Page

Doherty, James, “The Independent Crusaders Project,” Middle Ages for Educators, July 22, 2020. Accessed [date].

For feedback, please tweet to @j_doherty_82

Meet a Medieval Source Videos

Civic Chronicles from Medieval Italy, by Carrie Beneš and Laura Morreale

Jacopo da Varagine, Chronicle of Genoa, trans. C. Beneš (Manchester, 2020). Parts 1 and 5, Full text at Manchester Hive.

Martin da Canal, Les Estoires De Venise, trans. Laura K. Morreale (UNIPRESS, 2009). Book II, Chapters 112-134.

Giovanni Villani, Excerpts from Book III. From Villani’s Chronicle: Being Selections from the First Nine Books of the Croniche Fiorentine by Giovanni Villani, trans. R. Selfe and P. Wicksteed (2nd ed., London, 1906; repr. online, Project Gutenberg, 2010).

Discussion questions:

How does the chronicler characterize his town? Who populates the history of this town? Which kinds of events are included in the narrative (and by extension, which are excluded)?

For Further Reading:

Katherine Jansen, Joanna Drell, and Frances Andrews (eds.), Medieval Italy: Texts in Translation. (Penn, 2009). Not online.

Dino Compagni, Chronicle of Florence, trans. D. Bornstein (Penn, 1980). Book on JSTOR.

Trevor Dean, The Towns of Italy in the Later Middle Ages (Manchester, 2000). Manchester Hive.

To cite this page:

Beneš, Carrie and Morreale, Laura. “Medieval Italian Civic Chronicles, Part 1,” Middle Ages for Educators, March 27, 2020. Accessed [date].