Digital Learning Resource

The Independent Crusaders Project, by James Doherty

James Doherty

University of Leeds


Independent Crusaders Project

Discussion Questions

  • What kinds of sources have historians used to examine the crusading movement?
  • How would you define a crusader?
  • Judging by some of the sources on this site, what are some of the reasons why people went on crusade?

Teaching Modules

Further Reading

Constable, Giles, ‘The Historiography of the Crusades’, in The Crusades from the Perspective of Byzantium and the Muslim World, ed. by Angeliki E. Laiou and Roy P. Mottahedeh (Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, 2001), pp. 1–22.

Phillips, Jonathan, Defenders of the Holy Land: Relations between the Latin East and the West, 1119–1187 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996).

Throop, Susanna A., ‘Introduction: What Were the Crusades?’, in The Crusades: An Epitome (Leeds: Kismet Press, 2019).

To Cite this Page

Doherty, James, “The Independent Crusaders Project,” Middle Ages for Educators, July 22, 2020. Accessed [date].

For feedback, please tweet to @j_doherty_82

Course Materials MAA Webinar Online Teaching Tool Talk

Reading Together: Using Perusall to Gloss the Online Text, by Shawn Hill

Shawn Hill, Instructional Technologist

Fordham University

Tools and Repositories


Gallica, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, digitized manuscripts

Sources Used for this Demo

Presentation Slides

To cite this page:

Hill, Shawn. “Reading Together: Using Perusall to Gloss the Online Text,” Middle Ages for Educators, July 14, 2020. Accessed [date].

Asynchronous Digital Activities Digital Learning Resource Meet a Medieval Source Videos

The People of 1381, by Helen Lacey

Dr Helen Lacey

Mansfield College, University of Oxford


People of 1381 Project

Petition of Margery Tany

Petition of Margery Tany, widow of Thomas Tany and executrix of his testament.

Discussion Questions

  1. What circumstantial details do we need to take into account when examining the two petitions of Margery Tawney?
  2. Why might women be underrepresented in the archival records of the revolt?
  3. What can this petition tell us about the role of law and justice in the rebellion of 1381?

Further Reading

A. Prescott, ‘‘Great and Horrible Rumour’’: Shaping the English Revolt of 1381’, The Routledge History Handbook of Medieval Revolt, ed. J. Firnhaber-Baker and D. Schoenaers (2016), p. 84.

S. Federico, ‘The Imaginary Society: Women in 1381’, Journal of British Studies, vol. 40, no. 2 (2001), pp. 159-183.

J. Barker, England Arise The People, the King and the Great Revolt of 1381 (2014)

To cite this page:

Lacey, Helen, “The People of 1381,” Middle Ages for Educators, July 22, 2020. Accessed [date].

Asynchronous Digital Activities Course Materials Meet a Medieval Source Videos

Linguistic, Literary, and Manuscript History with The Digital Grave, by Leah Pope Parker

Leah Pope Parker, University of Southern Mississippi


Digital Grave

Discussion Questions

  • What perception of death and dead bodies is suggested by this poem?
  • What kind of reading practices are suggested by the addition of the final three lines of the poem? Why would a reader add these lines?
  • Why would a poem like this be added to a manuscript that otherwise contains no poetry, and is primarily a collection of homilies?

Further Reading

Kitson, Peter R. “Old English Dialects and the Stages of the Transition to Middle English.” Folia Linguistica Historica: Acta Societatis Linguisticae Europaeae, vol. 11, no. 1–2, 1992, pp. 27–87.

Siebert, Eve. “A Possible Source for the Addition to The Grave.” ANQ: A Quarterly Journal of Short Articles, Notes and Reviews, vol. 19, no. 4, Sept. 2006, pp. 8–16.

Thompson, Victoria. Dying and Death in Late Anglo-Saxon England. The Boydell Press, 2004.

Treharne, Elaine M. Living through Conquest: The Politics of Early English, 1020–1220. Oxford University Press, 2012.

To Cite this Page

Parker, Leah Pope, “Linguistic, Literary, and Manuscript History with The Digital Grave,” Middle Ages for Educators, July 22, 2020. Accessed [date].,-literary,-and-manuscript-history-with-the-digital-grave,-by-leah-pope-parker

For feedback, please tweet to @ParkerChronicle

Asynchronous Digital Activities Course Materials Online Teaching

Women of 1000 AD, by Meg Hyland

Meg Hyland

MSc, University of Edinburgh

Discussion Questions

  1. What are the benefits for medievalists of learning about what was going on in the Americas at the same time? What are the drawbacks of bringing the Americas under the “medieval” umbrella? Consider the existing archaeological periodizations of the Americas as well as the effects on Native peoples today.
  2. What does historical reconstruction art offer that more traditional academic output might not? What compromises must an artist make that a historian writing an article or book might not have to think about or might not accept?
  3. How are medieval women and historical women of colour represented in art you’ve been exposed to, whether in public art, pop culture or textbooks?
  4. Looking through the stories on this website, did anything surprise you about the options women had open to them or the roles women could play in their societies?


Women of 1000 AD website

Further Reading

Sheridan, Sara. Where Are the Women? A Guide to an Imagined Scotland. Historic Environment Scotland (2019).

Clados, Christine. Reconstructing the Pre-Columbian World. University of Wisconsin Madison (2004).

Global Middle Ages Project

Sources for images

Godlewski, Włodzimierz, “Bishops and Kings. The official program of the Pachoras (Faras) Cathedrals”, Between the Cataracts. Proceedings of the 11th International Conference for Nubian Studies Warsaw University 27 August-2 September 2006. Part 1. Main Papers (2008), pp. 263-282.

Korpisaari, Antti, and Martti Pärssinen, Pariti: The Ceremonial Tiwanaku Pottery of an Island in Lake Titicaca. Helsinki: Finnish Academy of Science and Letters (2011).

To Cite This Page

Hyland, Meg. “Women of 1000 AD,” Middle Ages for Educators, July 18, 2020. Accessed[date]. /

Tool Talk

Annotated Manuscripts with Digital Mappa

Dot Porter

Penn Libraries

Digital Mappa is an open-source tool for displaying, annotating, and publishing images of manuscripts. The ability to make detailed and linked digital annotations on manuscript images is Digital Mappa’s strength, but the platform also provides space for text to introduce, support, or give translations of the manuscripts. Its flexibility makes it possible for researchers or educators to make many different kinds of manuscripts accessible to many different kinds of students and scholars.

This tool talk is part of a longer introduction to Digital Mappa by Dot Porter, which can be viewed here.

Tools and Repositories

Digital Mappa

Sources Referenced in this Demo



Medieval Digital Mappa Projects

Virtual Mappa 2.0 (digitized and annotated medieval maps)

The Franks Casket

Digital Chronique 2.0 (or see the introduction by creator Lisa Fagin Davis here)

Amalarius’s Bells: Old English and Medieval Latin Edition

Digital Grave (an Old English text with excellent pedagogical resources)

Four Anglo-Carolingian Minitexts

Old English Poetry in Facsimile

To cite this page

Porter, Dot. “Annotated Manuscripts with Digital Mappa.” Middle Ages for Educators, July 16, 2020. Accessed [date].

MAA Webinar Online Teaching Tool Talk

Podcasting and Pedagogy, by Nicholas Paul

Nicholas Paul

Fordham University

Sources Referenced in this Video


Edison/Infinite Dial Data about Podcasting and the US Public

K-12 Education

WNYC Podcast competition

Khe Foon Hew, “Use of Audio Podcasting in K-12 and Higher Education: A Review of Research Topics and Methodologies,” Education Technology Research and Development 57:3 (2009): 333-357 


Podcast Accessibility

Hearing Loss Accessibility and Your Podcast

Top 5 Ways to Make Your Podcast Accessible 

Podcasting and the Past

Examples: Scholarship Made Accessible

“History Mondays” (France Culture- in French)

“In Our Time” (BBC) 

Throughline Podcast (NPR)

Footnoting History

Examples: Specialist Podcasts

Ottoman History

Byzantium & Friends

Practicalities: Recording and Editing

Garageband Tutorial for Podcasters: How to Setup, Record, and Edit a Podcast on a Mac

Record a Podcast on Zoom

Blanket Forts and Pantyhose: How to Set up a Decent Podcast Studio at Home:

How to Start Your Own Podcast (a good one for using Audacity)

Sample Prompt

Fordham University (2020) Podcast Sample Prompt. HIST 6078: The Crusader States: The Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, 1099-1291. Bronx, New York, Nicholas Paul.

Crusader States Course (a graduate-level Medieval Studies course 2015 and 2018) 

More Fordham Medieval Studies Digital Projects (also great for teaching!) 

Oxford Outremer Map Project

Online Medieval Sources Bibliography

Medieval Londoners

French of England

French of Outremer

French of Italy

And More…

To Cite this Page

Paul, Nicholas. “Podcasting and PedagogyMiddle Ages for Educators, July 15, 2020. Accessed [date].,-by-nicholas-paul/

MAA Webinar Online Teaching Tool Talk

Digital Exhibitions on Artsteps, by Elizabeth Lastra

Elizabeth Lastra

The University of Hong Kong

Tools and Repositories


Sources Used for this Demo


Artsteps Guide

Islamic Chinoiserie by Stephanie Yang

To cite this page

Lastra, Elizabeth. “Digital Exhibitions on Artsteps.” Middle Ages for Educators, July 16, 2020. Accessed [date].,-by-elizabeth-lastra/

Course Materials MAA Webinar Tool Talk

Christine de Pizan Through Storymaps, by David Joseph Wrisley

David Joseph Wrisley

NYU Abu Dhabi

Sources Referenced in this Video


ArcGIS Storymaps


Dataset of places mentioned in Christine de Pizan

Interactive map

Selected storymaps for medievalists

The Road to Agincourt (Chatzis, Edinburgh) (military history)

Sul camino del Rinascimento (EIPACA di Manosque) (art production) 

London’s lost river: the Tyburn (MOLA) (geo-archeology)

The Garden of Earthly Delights – Hieronymus Bosch (art history) 

Game of Thrones : Arya’s Journey (cultural studies) 

On mapping Christine de Pizan 

Wrisley, D.J. (2018). The Literary Geographies of Christine de Pizan, Approaches to Teaching Christine de Pizan, ed. Andrea Tarnowski. MLA, 156-163.

Some Starting Points for Medieval Spatial Datasets 

Digital Atlas for Roman and Medieval Civilization 

Morreale, L. (2019). Exploring Place in the French of Italy, 1st Edition (Version Omeka Classic, CartoDB). Zenodo. 

Wrisley, D. J. (2015). The Literary Geographies of Christine de Pizan (geo-data) [Data set]. Approaches to Teaching Christine de Pizan. Modern Language Association.

A General Rubric for Academic Web-Based Writing:

Wrisley, D.J. (2020, July). Rubric for Academic Web-based Writing (Version 1.0). Zenodo.

On (Medieval) Culture and Mapping

Lethbridge, E., Hartman, S. (2016). Inscribing Environmental Memory in the Icelandic Sagas and the Icelandic Saga Map, PMLA 131.2, 381-391.

Kinniburgh, M.C. (2018). Spatial Reading: Digital Literary Maps of the Icelandic Outlaw Sagas, Digital Medievalist 11(1).

Petrulevich, A., Backman, A. Adams, J. (2019). Medieval Macrospace Through GIS: The Norse World Project Approach. The Cartographic Journal, 57.1.

Wrisley, D.J. (2017). Locating Medieval French: or Why We Collect and Visualize the Geographic Information of Texts, Speculum 92, no. S1, S145-S169.

Wrisley, D.J. (2020). Exploring the Geographies of Froissart’s Chroniques, H-France Salon, 12:8, #26.

On Storymapping and Pedagogy 

Dickinson, S., Telford, A. (2020). The Visualities of Digital Story Mapping: Teaching the ‘Messiness’ of Qualitative Methods Through Mapping Technologies. Journal of Geography in Higher Education.

ESRI. Story Maps and the Digital Humanities

Sinton, D.S. (n.d.) Mapping. Digital Pedagogy in the Humanities: Concepts, Models and Experiments.

Wrisley, D.J. (2018). Mapping in the Digital Liberal Arts: Models, methods, futures, AMICAL webinar.

To cite this page

Wrisley, David Joseph. “Christine de Pizan Through Storymaps.” Middle Ages for Educators, July 15, 2020. Accessed [date].

Course Materials MAA Webinar Online Teaching

Thinking about Pedagogy as Medievalists, by Leah Shopkow

Leah Shopkow

Indiana University, Bloomington

Sources Referenced in this Video


Annotated Bibliography

Shopkow, Leah. “Annotated Bibliography: Thinking about Pedagogy as Medievalists,” Middle Ages for Educators, [date accessed].

Poster Assignment

Indiana University, Bloomington. (2016). Poster Prompt and Assessment Rubric for Final Assignment. History B204: Medieval Heroes. Bloomington, Illinois: Leah Shopkow.

To cite this page

Shopkow, Leah. “Thinking about Pedagogy as Medievalists.” Middle Ages for Educators, July 14, 2020. Accessed [date].,-by-leah-shopkow/